New law makes sex offenders hunker down for Halloween

Post-Halloween Update: Christian County arrests 18 sex offenders for not following Halloween law. Eighteen arrests. It’ll be interesting to see if the prosecutor charges these sex offenders and to see whether anybody challenges the law in these cases.

Update: Judge’s ruling complicates enforcement of new Halloween sex offender law. Part of the law ruled “ambiguous.” This still doesn’t address the issue of whether the law applies to most registered offenders.

Friday is Halloween and registered sex offenders have their marching orders under a new Missouri law.

Senate Bill 714 requires that registered offenders shall henceforth, on Halloween:

  • avoid all Halloween-related contact with children
  • remain inside their residences between 5 and 10:30 p.m. unless there is just cause to leave
  • post a sign stating, “No candy or treats at this residence”, and
  • leave all outside residential lighting off during the evening hours.

There is already a lawsuit filed challenging the law:Cape Girardeau County prosecutor responds to sex offenders’ suit over Halloween activities.

Since we haven’t yet seen a Halloween under this law, no one has yet been charged and no one knows if the federal courts will interfere.

One thing that will eventually be raised is that, when this law went into effect, it could not be enforced against anyone. This is because the Missouri Constitution prohibits what is called a “retrospective law.”  A retrospective law is one which creates a new obligation with respect to things that were done in the past. The State cannot impose a new duty on a person whose offense occurred before the duty was imposed. Doe v. Phillips, 194 S.W.3d 833 (Mo., 2006).

The new Halloween law went into effect on June 30, 2008. This would seem to make the new law unconstitutional because it claims to apply to all registered sex offenders. Under the Missouri Constitution, the new law should only apply to persons whose sex offenses occurred after that date.

Of course, that’s just my opinion.  As a practical matter, there will always be some prosecutors who will try to enforce this new sex offender law, without regard to its constitutionality. Politicians shovel this stuff out and the public eats it like ice scream.  Later on, the courts get to play the villain when they toss out the bad law.

So unless a sex offender wants to chance getting charged, he will need to hide out this halloween, just like the new law says. Until someone fights it and wins, the law is presumed to be constitutional.